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The LSM domain contains Sm proteins as well as other related LSM (Like Sm) proteins. The U1, U2, U4/U6, and U5 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles (snRNPs) involved in pre-mRNA splicing contain seven Sm proteins (B/B', D1, D2, D3, E, F and G) in common, which assemble around the Sm site present in four of the major spliceosomal small nuclear RNAs. The U6 snRNP binds to the LSM (Like Sm) proteins . Sm proteins are also found in archaebacteria, which do not have any splicing apparatus suggesting a more general role for Sm proteins. All Sm proteins contain a common sequence motif in two segments, Sm1 and Sm2, separated by a short variable linker. This family also includes the bacterial Hfq (host factor Q) proteins. Hfq are also RNA-binding proteins, that form hexameric rings.
This domain is found in Lsm (like-Sm) proteins, which have a core structure consisting of an open beta-barrel with an SH3-like topology.
Hermann H, Fabrizio P, Raker VA, Foulaki K, Hornig H, Brahms H, Luhrmann R , EMBO J 1995;14:2076-2088.: snRNP Sm proteins share two evolutionarily conserved sequence motifs which are involved in Sm protein-protein interactions. PUBMED:7744013 EPMC:7744013 .
Kambach C, Walke S, Young R, Avis JM, de la Fortelle E, Raker VA, Luhrmann R, Li J, Nagai K; , Cell 1999;96:375-387.: Crystal structures of two Sm protein complexes and their implications for the assembly of the spliceosomal snRNPs. PUBMED:10025403 EPMC:10025403 .
Hajnsdorf E, Regnier P; , Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2000;97:1501-1505.: Host factor Hfq of Escherichia coli stimulates elongation of poly(A) tails by poly(A) polymerase I. PUBMED:10677490 EPMC:10677490 .
Kufel J, Allmang C, Petfalski E, Beggs J, Tollervey D; , J Biol Chem 2003;278:2147-2156.: Lsm Proteins are required for normal processing and stability of ribosomal RNAs. PUBMED:12438310 EPMC:12438310.